Trunz/Milejewo East Prussia (close to Elbing/Elblag) http://www.ostpreussen.net/ostpreussen/orte.php?stadt=210
Brieg/Brzeg Lower Silesia (between Breslau & Oppeln)
Mitau/Jelgavpils Kurland (Latvia)
Jakobstad/Pietarsaari Osterbotten/Pohjanmaa (near Uleaborg/Oulu) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostrobothnia_(region)
First thing about eastern europe, everything has 3 or 4 names.
The terrritories lost by Germany after the 2nd World War, and where Germans were a minority further east & northeast, are where all of my ancestors hail from.
The first Trunz received his landgrant from Hermann von Salza, the Grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights, in the early part of the 13th century. The church, amazingly survived the Soviet whirlwind of '45. From the family homestead you could see the church. A Trunz has been at almost every major battle fought by Prussia through its long history. This branch of the family has significant Polish and Lithuanian blood. My grandfather spoke fluent Polish, as well as Russian...and English.
Bergstrom/Breig originally hailed from a Swedish enclave (Eastern Bothnia) in Finland, and had some German blood also. Settling in Breig during the 30 years was when King Gustavus Adolphus lead a Swedish army in that war through the Holy Roman Empire.
Jews that spoke german, from Mitau. One of the two Jews to win the Knight's Cross in the 1st World War, is my namesake- Kurt Wolff. My paternal grandmother was his younger sister. This branch became Prussian soldiers during the time of Fredrick the Great, who was the 1st monarch to emancipate the serfs, and opened up the army and civil service to Jews, with a forbear joining up and first fighting at the Battle of Mollwitz.
No wonder i ended up on this side of the Atlantic!
Vertrieben, totally ignored outside Germany/Austria.
'Bund der Vertrieben'
League or Federation of Expellees (and now their children & grandchildren)
Very little in English on this subject.
Eastern Europe was a melange of languages & cultures for centuries, see the german lingustics map above and the Polish below.
The Volkdeutsch of eastern europe were far more numerous before the war, and paid a horrendous cost at the end of world war two and after, whether directly involved in atrocities or not. There are still residual communities. The end of communism has allowed a small breath of life to happen for the survivors of this group. 'Drang nach Osten' the drive to the east.....
Here's a recent article with some little known information on this subject.
"A leader of the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania (2002-2013) and of the National Liberal Party (2014),
Here's another article, focusing on the region my father's family came from.
"For the first time Poland’s tiny German minority is allowed to vote in German elections. The freedom stems from a decision last year by Germany’s constitutional court allowing Germans living outside the country to vote, even if they were not born there.
The decision has been gratefully received by Poland’s German community, estimated to be around 350,000 strong. Living almost exclusively in Lower Silesia—an area of Poland that formed part of Germany until 1945—they escaped the fate of westward deportation that befell most of the German population, often by claiming Polish citizenship. Since then, and despite the war’s bitter history, they have lived in relative obscurity with their Polish neighbours."
Pre World War Two Poland
A very simple outline of the postwar expulsions, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech/Slovak, and German, in revenge and to appease Stalin. IN THOUSANDS
A picture postcard drawn from the front steps of the original manorhouse in 1910, (now destroyed, in ruins, amid a copse of trees), the mill is long gone.
Compare this with the picture of the church from the Millejewo on this website.